Скачать pdf
Key words
folklorism, contemporary Russian literature, young writers, token folklore characters, new interpretative models
About the Author
E-mail: Tel.: +7 (8362) 68-80-02
1, Lenina sq., Yoshkar-Ola, 424000, Mari El Republic, Russian Federation
Grand PhD, professor, Mari State University

This article is prepared within the framework of the research project No. 34.7602.2017/8.9 according to the state task of the Ministry of Education and Science of Russian Federation.


The paper examines the ways and means that young Russian writers use to interpret folklore oral heritage. The research is focused on the phenomena of young people’s culture of the fi rst decades of the 21st century (verbal creative works of the young literary prize winners: Anton Botev, Leta Yugai, Darya Zarubina, Ksenia Buksha and some others). In the process of analyzing the material, the author adverts to the concept of “knotted string record” of folklorism developed by V. Golovin and O. Nikolaev.

The problem of the artistic method and the young authors’ self-attribution to a certain trend or style in general is among the main issues concerned with detection of the writers’ interaction with oral folk tradition in this article. A wide range of phenomena (avant-garde & post-avantgarde, modernism & postmodernism, realism, surrealism, impressionism, neo-sentimentalism, metarealism, socialist art, conceptualism etc.) co-exists in the context of contemporary literature, but it is postmodernism that prevails in the creative works of the youth in the fi rst decades of the 21st century. At that, the fullness of its manifestation varies from text to text. It can appear in forms of consistent manifestation of basic postmodern features, spontaneous carnival manifestation, intentional blending of genres, language-play or separate postmodern codes.

Young Russian authors orient themselves to Western genre patterns, but localize them to Russian background by means of certain methods, including the use of folklore models and traditional oral texts. The works by A. Botev, L. Yugai, K. Buksha and some other writers are of particular interest in this regard.

It is concluded that connections between young authors’ works and folklore samples are manifold and can manifest in various forms: construction of social and ethnographic reality and fi elds of characters’ identities, new “cosmos”, creating individual “universes” and worlds.


Golovin V. V., Nikolaev O. R. (2013) Uzelkovoe pis’mo fol’klorizma: pragmatika literaturno-fol’klornogo vzaimodeistviya i russkikh literaturnykh tekstov novogo vremeni [“Knotted string record” of folklorism: pragmatics of literary and folklore interaction in Russian literary texts of the New Age]. In: Navstrechu tret’emu vserossiyskomu kongressu fol’kloristov [Towards the Th ird Russian Congress of Folklorists]. Moscow. Pp. 16–54. In Russian.

Gunter Kh. (2000) Arkhetipy sovetskoy kul’tury [Archetypes of Soviet literature]. St. Petersburg. Pp. 743–784. In Russian.

Eremina V. I. (2016) Khudozhestvennyy mir narodnoy poezii [Artistic world of folk poetry]. St. Petersburg. In Russian.

Markova T. N. (2011) Evolyutsiya zhanrov v proze kontsa XX veka [Evolution of genres in the prose of the late 20th century]. In: Sovremennaya russkaya literatura kontsa XX —  nachala XXI veka. [Contemporary Russian literature of the late 20th — t he early 21st century]. Moscow. Pp. 32–55. In Russian.

Petrukhin V. Ya. (1999) Kuznets [Blacksmith]. In: Slavyanskie drevnosti. Etnolingvisticheskiy slovar’ [Slavic antiquities. Ethno-linguistic dictionary]. In 5 vol. Vol. 2. Pp. 21–22. In Russian.

Tatarinov A. (2015) Literaturnyy protsess est’! [Literary process exists!]. URL: (retrieved: 20.02. 2015). In Russian.

Timina S. I. (2011) Vvedenie. Sovremennyy literaturnyy protsess (1990-e — nachalo XXI veka). [Introduction. Contemporary literary process (the 1990s — t he early 21st century)]. In: Sovremennaya russkaya literatura kontsa XX —  nachala XXI veka. [Contemporary Russian literature of the late 20th —  the early 21st century)]. Moscow. Pp. 3–31. In Russian.

Tokarenko P. (2014) Chernovik “Nobelevskoy rechi” [Th e draft  of a Nobel speech]. Offi  cial site of the independent literary award Th e Debut. URL:
chernovik-nobelevskoy-rechi-pavla-tokarenko_7889 (retrieved: 06.01.2018). In Russian.

Zolotova T. A. (2014) Verbal’noye tvorchestvo molodezhnyh soobshchestv. [Verbal creativity of youth communities]. In: Mirovaya klassika i molodezhnaya kultura. [World classics and youth culture]. Yoshkar-Ola. Pp. 21–27. In Russian.

Zolotova T. A., Kabanova T. L. (2016) “Sovetskiy diskurs” i osobennosti ego interpretatsii v molodoy proze (na materiale romana Ksenii Bukshi) [“Soviet discourse” and peculiarities of its interpretation in the works of young Russian writers (exemplifi ed in the novel by Ksenia Buksha)]. In: Aktual’nye problemy romano-germanskoy fi lologii v prepodavanii evropeyskikh yazykov v shkole i vuze [Current problems of Romano-Germanic philology in teaching of European languages in school and higher education]. Yoshkar-Ola. Pp. 190–199. In Russian